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营造良好的发声场所 影音室设计三要素

3天前

  只有在安静的环境下,音乐的细节才能听到真切,才能感人肺腑。乱轰轰的场合只是在追求刺激。声音的音量一定要足够,才能令人兴奋激动和情绪高亢。声音要来自前方,才有一种面对面交流的感觉。影音多声道的后方是增加趣味的效果声。要听得到鲜活、艳丽的声音,不能干瘪枯燥;没有噪声杂音、整个声场均匀稳定。想听到上述的靓声,影音室设计要符合以下三个条件:

  

  (一)良好的隔音

  

  WEISHENMEBAGEYINFANGZAIDIYIDIAN,YOUERGEYUANYIN。SHOUXIANYAOBAFANGAISHENGYINBIAOXIANDEQITAZAYINDANGZAIWAIMIAN。YINLETINGYANZOUSHIDOUYAOMENCHUANGJINBI,ERMENCHUANGBENSHENDEXIYINHEFENGBIXINGNENGDOUSHIFENHAO,CONGERFANGZHIWAIMIANDESHENGYINCHUANJINLAI。QIER,WEILENENGSHIXIANYUYUANYINTONGYANGDEYINLIANG。RUOWAIMIANDESHENGYINCHUANLEJINLAI,YAOTINGQINGCHUYINXIANGZHONGFANGDEWEIRUOSHENGYINJIUXUFANGDAYINLIANG,NEIMEJIUYUYUANYINDEYINLIANGBUYIYANGLE,YINLEBIAOXIANDECHENSIHUOCHONGMINGSHENGYINJIANGBEIDADAKUAZHANG。RUGUOGEYINBUHAO,ZAIJIASHIYONGCHANGPASHENGYINTAIXIANGCHUANCHUQURAOLIN,YOUZHINENGBAYINLIANGFANGXIAO,ZHEISHIJIYUEDEQINGGANHEDONGTAIJIAODADEYINLEXIAOGUOJIUDAZHEKOU。BUBANEIWAISHENGYINGEKAIJIUHENNANSHIXIANYUYUANYINDENGXIANGDEQIMATIAOJIAN。

  

  (二)适度的混响

  

  SUOWEISHIDUHUNXIANG,SHIZHISHENGYINCONGFASHENGDAOXIAOSHIDENEIDUANSHIJIAN,BUNENGTAIZHANGYOUBUNENGTAIDUAN。HUNXIANGSHIJIANGUODUANDEFANGJIANCHENGWEISIFANGJIAN;HUNXIANGSHIJIANJIAOZHANGDEFANGJIANCHENGWEIHUOFANGJIAN。SI、HUOLIANGZISHIZHIJIECONGYINGWENBIAOSHUZHIYIGUOLAIDE,YUANYONGCIHENCHOUXIANG,BUFANGZHIYI。YIBANJIAOKONGKUANG、MIANZHIWUDUODEQINSHIJIYOUXIYINTIANHUABANHEZHONGDUOCHUANGHUDEFANGJIANLI,SUOTINGDAODESHENGYINJIAOGANKU、MEIYOUYUANRUNGAN、YINLEQUEFAQUWEI,JIUSHI”SI”FANGJIANDEJIEGUO;ERZAIYUSHI、CANGKUHEDONGKUDENGCHANGSUO,DAOCHUSHIYINGZHIHUOWEIKONGDEQIANGBI,YOUWUQITAXIYINCAILIAO,SHENGYINCHIXUBUSAN,HUNXIANGSHIJIANHENZHANG,SHENGYIN”HUO”DEGUOTOULE。ZAIDIERGESHENGYINCHULAIZHIQIAN,DIYIGESHENGYINHAIMEIYOUXIAOSHI,YINLEJIUWANQUANZOUYANGLE,YEWUFABAOLIUYUANZHIYUANWEI。SUOWEISHIDANGDEHUNXIANG,JIUXUYAODADAO:YINSEYUANRUN、QIANFANGDESHENGYINXIANGQINGXI、JISHIYINLIANGJIAOXIAOSHIYEHAIYOUSHIDANGDEHUNXIANGYINLIANG,SHENGYINBUHUIYIKAISHIJIUBEIXIGUANG。BUTONGDAXIAOHEBUTONGYONGTUDEFANGJIANHUNXIANGYAOQIUSHIBUTONGDE,YIBANERYANPINLVYUEDI,HUNXIANGSHIJIANYAOQIUYUEDUAN。QISHI,HAODETINGYINSHIDIYINDEHUNXIANGSHIJIANYAOBIGAOYINDUAN,JIDUIDIYINYAOYOUJIAOQIANGDEXIYIN。JIAQIANGDIYINDEXIYINNENGLI,MUCAISHIXISHOUDIYINDEHAOCAILIAO。

  

  (三)消除驻波、平行面、反射及声聚焦

  

  ZAIYIBANDELINGTINGSHI,BAIWEISHIYAOTEBIEZHUYI,TINGYINXILISHENGYUANJINXIE,ZHEISHIZHIDASHENGJIUBIFANSHESHENGQIANG,PINXIANGHUIPINGTANYIXIE。ERBUSHAOFANGJIANCHICUNBUHENDA,YINXIANGHETINGYINSHAFACHANGCHANGKAOZHELIANGBIANDEQIANGBIANFANG,YAOZUODAOSHANGSHUYAOQIUJIAONAN,ZHEISHI,YINGBAQIANGBIDEXIYINNENGLIZUODEQIANGXIE,HUOXINGZHUANGCHENGAOTUBUPING,YEYOULIYUJIANRUOZHUBOYINGXIANG。FANGJIANCHICUNDA,ZHUBOPINLVJIUHUICHENGBILIDIJIANGDI,JIANGDAOJISHIHz PINLVYIXIA,DUITINGGANDEYINGXIANGJIUXIAOLE。HAIYOUJIUSHIFANGWUZHANG、KUAN、GAOSANDUCHICUNDEBILI,YIHUBUCHENGZHENGSHUBEIWEIYI。JIAQIANGDIYINXIYIN,YEYOULIYUJIANRUOZHUBOYINGXIANG。

  

  DUIYUFANGJIANZHONGYIYOUTEDINGDEZHUBOPINLV,KEYONGGONGMINGXIYINXIANGLAIXISHOUDIAOZHEIXIEPINLV。CIFANGFABIJIAOZHUANYE,YAOANZHAOSHIJICELIANGDAODEFANGJIANZHUBOPINLVSHU,SHEJITESHUCHICUNDEGONGMINGXIYINXIANG,LAIXISHOUDIAOZHEIXIEPINLV。FANGWUZHUANGXIUSHIDECHUANKONGBANHEHOUFANGLONGGUXINGCHENGDEKONGJIAN,YESHIYIZHONGGONGMINGXIYINTI,DUIXISHOUTEDINGDEPINLVHENYOUXIAO。

  

  PINGXINGMIANFANSHESHIZHISHENGYINZAILIANGGEYINGZHIPINGXINGPINGMIANZHIJIANDELAIHUIFANSHE。ERPINGXINGMIANJIANDEJULIBIPINGXINGMIANBENSHENDECHIDUXIAO,SHENGYINXISHOUBUDIAO,YOUKUOSANBUCHUQU,ZUIZHONGJIUHUICHANSHENGXIANGNIAOZHENCHISHIDENEIZHONGPAIDAPAIDADEYOUHAISHENGYIN。MINGXIANTINGDAOPAIDAPAIDASHENGDECHANGHEBUHUIHENDUO,NEISHIYAOYOUHENQIANGDESHENGNENG。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,ZHEIZHONGHUIYINDEHOUGUOSHISHISHENGYINSHIZHEN,SHENGYINDELUNKUOBIANDEMOHU。ZHEIZHONGYOUHAIDESHENGYINHENNANYOUSHENMEHAODEFANGFAGAISHAN,YINCIBIXUZAITINGYINSHIJIANZAOHETIAOXUANSHIJIUYAOJIAYIZHONGSHI,BIMIANCHUXIANZHEIZHONGJIEGOU。

  

  RUGUOTINGYINSHIYOUPAOWUMIANXINGDETIANHUABANHUOHUXINGDEQIANGMIAN,JIUYOUKENENGCHANSHENGSHENGJUJIAO。ZAIJUJIAODEQUYUNEI,SHENGYINBEIJIAQIANG,BIEDEDIFANGJIUXIANDEBORUO,ZHENGGESHENGCHANGBIANDEBUJUNYUN。YIBANJIATINGJUZHUCHANGSUO,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGBUDAHUICHUXIAN,DANYONGXIAOXINGGONGGONGCHANGSUOLAIFANGYINSHI,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXUYAOJIAYIBIMIAN。FOUZE,TINGYINZHANSHISHIBUZHIDEHENMEIGUAN,DANBUTONGWEIZHIDETINGZHONGQUETINGCHULEBUTONGDESHENGYINJIEGUO。

  

  ZONGZHI,LINGTINGDEDIFANGZUIHAOBUYAOTAIGUOKONGDANG,ZHEIZHONGKONGJIANZUIDADEWENTIJIUSHIHUIXIANGSHIJIANTAIZHANG,SHIDEYINLETINGQILAIBUJINTAICHAO,ERQIEHUIHANHUNBUQING。KEYIFANGZHIDUOYIDIANJIAJUZAILINGTINGDEDIFANG,ZHEIYOUZHUYUSHENGBODEXISHOUHEKUOSAN,LIRUSHAFAKEYIMAIBUZHIHUOPIZHISHAFA,TAMENDEBIAOMIANYUZHONGLIANGDOUYOUHENHAODEXISHENGXIAOGUO;QIANGBIPANGYEKEYIBAIXIEGELEIJUZI,LIRUCHANGPIANJUYUSHUJU、ZAWUJUDENG,ZHEIXIEJUZIYEYOUXISHOUYUKUOSANSHENGBODEGONGNENG。CIWAI,DIBANSHANGKEYIZAIBAIYIZHANGHOUDEDITANHUOMUZHICHAJI(ZUIHAOBUYAOBOLIDE,YINWEIBOLIGUANGHUABIAOMIANFANSHESHENGBODENENGLIHENQIANG)。CHULEYISHANGZAWUZHIWAI,QIANGBISHANGYEKEYIDIAOGUAYIXIEHUAHUOTUQIDEZAOXINGZHUANGSHI,ZHEIXIEWUPINYEDOUYOUZHUYUSHENGBODEXISHOUYUKUOSAN。


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